Think about a future in which legal disagreements are no longer handled in a court of law. Instead, they would be decided by anonymous jurors on a blockchain network. It could be a reality thanks to some unique projects using smart contracts and incentives for jurors. Kleros is a blockchain dispute resolution setup that's already operational. In February, another platform, Aragon Court, will also be offering blockchain dispute resolution.

Aragon Court falls under the Aragon Association's decentralized foundation where users can create organizations and businesses. They can manage, vote and finance it through the platform. Nobody knows if the judgments made by jurors can be enforced or if they would hold up in the traditional legal system.

The blockchain court works with a protocol that allows for review of issues that can't be evaluated by smart contracts. The protocol uses people as jurors. They vote on a dispute. In order to become a juror, a person signs up and activates the platform's native token. The likelihood of being a juror is based on how many tokens a person activates. After a juror is chosen, they can vote. Game theory is used. The jurors who choose the minority decision lose their tokens. Jurors who vote with the majority keep their tokens and a share of the staked tokens and ruling fees from the dispute.

The involved parties can make an appeal with more collateral. An appeal will require new jurors. There are a lot of questions about this. Jurors don't have any communication with each other. An incentive for the outcome could lead to bias. A lawyer said that game theory has been used in other systems but not in the delivery of conventional justice. The lawyer added that if the jurors have a vested interest, they are more likely to pay attention. However, it could lead to group think instead of individual thought.

The court of Aragon could be less costly than a traditional court case. However, there is a threat of malicious parties taking over the jury pool. Others are concerned about whether or not results would be binding.